for uHadi and Voice

Transcribed from the performance of Mrs Nofinishi Dywili by Bokani Dyer

Ingxembula means ‘the ugly one’ and this song is about uNomadambe, a female ancestor figure with a very masculine appearance. The song warns that ‘amankazana ngamahule’ meaning there are unmarried promiscuous women who are sexually liberated. Nomadambe is also regarded as one of those women.   

Reference: Dargie, D., 1996. African methods of Music Education: some reflections. International Library of African Music, Vol. 7, no. 3, 1 – 15.